Formal Child Care and Later-in-Life Delinquency: Can Early Childhood Interventions Affect Criminal Behavior?
AbstractFormal child care has proven to affect long-term outcomes, such as education, income and health, but does it also change the risk of later-in-life delinquency? In this paper, I investigate how formal child care affects criminal charges in youth or adulthood. I use multiple reforms connected to formal child care in Norway, together with rich Norwegian register data, identifying differential access or incentives to use formal child care. I find that formal child care can decrease the likelihood of being charged, driven by men. Formal child care seems to affect charges for e.g. traffic offences, but not charges for e.g. violent or sexual offences.