with Ubfal and Araya
 
Abstract: Shall we encourage students to work while in school? We provide evidence by leveraging a one-year work-study program that randomizes job offers among students in Uruguay. Using social security data matched to over 120,000 applicants, we estimate an increase of 9% in earnings and of 2 percentage points in enrolment over the four post-program years for treated youth. The earnings effect is related to the work experience and the transferability of skills acquired in program jobs.