Over the past decades an increasing number of mothers have remained in the work force after childbirth, attitudes have changed towards fatherhood, and public concerns have grown about rising numbers of fathers living apart from their children. In consequence, the role of fathers in family life is attracting increasing scholarly and policy attention. Importantly, father involvement has become, and much more so than maternal involvement, increasingly polarized by social class. Against this backdrop, our research group investigates how inequalities in child outcomes develop through fathers’ parenting practices across childhood and adolescence, and how context may buffer or strengthen fathers’ role in this development of inequalities. In my talk I will discuss some of the work our group is currently doing. I will argue that much can be learned about fathers’ role in child outcomes by linking sociological stratification questions to developmental psychology research on father involvement.