Previous research on the relationship of life courses and well-being in old age mostly applies an individual perspective focusing separately on men’s and/or women’s life courses. However, as most individuals live in couples, this approach disregards exchange and accumulation of income, but also the reproduction of inequalities in couples. We fill this research gap and apply a linked-lives perspective on the life courses of couples and their later life financial well-being in Europe. Two main research questions are addressed: (1) What types of couples’ life courses can be identified in Europe and how do they differ between welfare regimes and over time? (2) How are couples’ life courses linked to their financial well-being in old age? We use multichannel sequence and cluster analysis to generate a typology of couples’ life courses in 24 European countries for the birth cohorts 1925 to 1967 over the age-span 20-50 years (N= 15,932). Then, two further steps are added: first, we examine cluster membership in country and cohort comparison; second, we use linear regressions to analyse the link of this typology with income in old age. The results show that male breadwinner constellations are associated with lower incomes in old age, however, income differences between types of couple life courses become less pronounced over time.