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Photographer: Ingmarie Andersson (SU)

Since the establishment of the SCIP database in 1990, several comparative research projects have relied on SPIN data and provided new and largely unique results on the causes and consequences of welfare state reform. Over the years, SPIN data have been used in a large number of publications, including academic text books and journal articles, government commissioned reports and articles in major national and international newspapers.



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Reporting data use

We kindly ask all users to send us any references where SPIN data is used by filling in the online form linked below.

Recent publications

Bandau, F., & Ahrens, L. (2020). The impact of partisanship in the era of retrenchment: Insights from quantitative welfare state research. Journal of European Social Policy, 30(1), 34-47.


Nelson, K., Fredriksson, D., Korpi, T., Korpi, W., Palme, J. and O. Sjöberg. (2020). The Social Policy Indicators (SPIN) database. International Journal of Social Welfare. 29 (3). 285-289. 
dor: 10.1111/ijsw.12418


Wesolowski, K., Billingsley, S., & Neyer, G. (2020). Disentangling the complexity of family policies: SPIN data with an application to Lithuania and Sweden, 1995–2015. Demographic Research, 43, 1235-1262.